樹苺派BUSTER (DEBIAN 10) 安裝PHP7.3 +LARAVEL+RASPBERRYPI

樹苺派在2019年升級到了新的debian 10 也提供了新版本的php 使用,所以我們今天就針對php版本重新進行安裝,基本的laravel的環境.

安裝 php-7.3 及php_fpm

sudo apt install php7.3 php7.3-curl php7.3-gd php7.3-imap php7.3-json php7.3-mysql php7.3-opcache php7.3-xmlrpc php7.3-xml php7.3-fpm php7.3-zip php7.3-mbstring php7.3-sqlite3 php7.3-cli php7.3-readline -y



修改PHP7.3-FPM 使用者改為PI

vi /etc/php/7.3/fpm/pool.d/www.conf
#—-以下內容修改
#把 www-data 改成pi
;user = www-data
;group = www-data

user = pi
group = pi

###
;listen.owner = www-data
;listen.group = www-data
改成
listen.owner = pi
listen.group = pi

啟動PHP7.3-FPM

service php7.3-fpm start
systemctl enable php7.3-fpm


安裝Composer

sudo apt-get install composer




安裝 nodejs 和 npm

sudo apt-get install nodejs
sudo apt-get install npm


因為laravel需要用到nodejs所以安裝這些套件

安裝NIGNX HTTPD 伺服器

sudo apt-get install nginx


設定 nginx 的使用者為pi

sudo vi /etc/nginx/nginx.conf

#user www-data;
user pi;


修改預設的伺服器的php

sudo vi /etc/nginx/sites-available/default

    #
    #location ~ \.php$ {
    #       include snippets/fastcgi-php.conf;
    #
    #       # With php-fpm (or other unix sockets):
    #       fastcgi_pass unix:/run/php/php7.3-fpm.sock;
    #       # With php-cgi (or other tcp sockets):
    #       fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;
    #}

    # deny access to .htaccess files, if Apache's document root
    # concurs with nginx's one
    #
    #location ~ /\.ht {
    #       deny all;
    #}
#
location ~ \.php$ {
       include snippets/fastcgi-php.conf;
#
#       # With php-fpm (or other unix sockets):
       fastcgi_pass unix:/run/php/php7.3-fpm.sock;
#       # With php-cgi (or other tcp sockets):
#       fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;
}

# deny access to .htaccess files, if Apache's document root
# concurs with nginx's one
#
location ~ /\.ht {
       deny all;
}

啟動NGINX

sudo serivce nginx start
sudo systemctl enable nginx

安裝laravel

composer create-project laravel/laravel laravel –prefer-dist
生成的laravel目錄會放置於/home/pi/laravel

設定nginx目錄指向laravel

sudo vi /etc/nginx/sites-available/default

#原始內容
    root /var/www/html;

    # Add index.php to the list if you are using PHP
    index index.html index.htm index.nginx-debian.html;
#更改為以下內容    
root /home/pi/laravel/public;

    # Add index.php to the list if you are using PHP
    index index.php index.html index.htm index.nginx-debian.html;

重新啟動NGINX

sudo serivce nginx start


打完收功

Raspberrypi 樹苺派設定固定IP

前言

樹苺派設定固定IP的方式:

啟動eth0的網路

vi /etc/network/interfaces.d/eth0

#auto eth0 是啟動!!!
auto eth0
iface eth0 inet static
address 192.168.1.222
netmask 255.255.255.0
gateway 192.168.1.1
dns-nameservers 168.95.1.1 8.8.8.8

DNS 設定: (一般首次設定時會)

vi /etc/reslove.conf

nameserver 168.95.1.1
nameserver 8.8.8.8

多重網路開啟時:

如果要同時開立無線網路/及有線網路時要指定default gateway

sudo route add default gw 192.168.1.1









Raspberry Pi Install Laravel php Nginx

安裝樹苺派的PHP+LARAVEL+NGINX

Install PHP 7.0

sudo apt install php7.0 php7.0-curl php7.0-gd php7.0-imap php7.0-json php7.0-mcrypt php7.0-mysql php7.0-opcache php7.0-xmlrpc php7.0-xml php7.0-fpm php7.0-zip php7.0-mbstring php7.0-sqlite3 php7.0-cli php7.0-readline -y


START php7.0-fpm

sudo systemctl enable php7.0-fpm
sudo service php7.0-fpm start


Install Composer

sudo apt-get install composer



Install NODEJS

sudo apt-get install npm


INSTALL NGINX

sudo apt-get install nginx


Create laravel

composer create-project laravel/laravel laravel –prefer-dist

sudo vi /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/default

################################
#root /var/www/html;
root /home/pi/laravel/public;

#Add index.php to the list if you are using PHP#index index.html index.htm index.nginx-debian.html;
index index.php index.html index.htm index.nginx-debian.html;
 
location ~ .php$ {
     include snippets/fastcgi-php.conf; 
     fastcgi_pass unix:/var/run/php/php7.0-fpm.sock; 
}
location ~ /\.ht {             
    deny all;     
}

SETUP SERVICE

sudo service nginx restart
sudo systemctl enable nginx

打完收功

LINUX UBUNTU 19.04上FORMAT 64G SD卡變成ExFat

最近購買了新的64G SD不能使用在LINUX UBUNTU上

後來才發現較大的SDCARD都格式化成了EXFAT的格式.

需要安裝exfat工具才能夠讀居這個fat格式:

sudo apt-get install exfat-utils exfat-fuse

 

 

exFAT(Extended File Allocation Table),又名FAT64,是一種微軟公司(Microsoft)開發的檔案系統,最先從該公司的Windows Embedded CE 6.0作業系統引入這種檔案系統,後又延伸到Windows Vista Service Pack 1作業系統中。

關於exfat:
https://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/ExFAT

Ubuntu server 18.04 install laravel+nginx

deb http://tw.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ bionic main restricted
deb http://tw.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ bionic-updates main restricted
deb http://tw.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ bionic universe
deb http://tw.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ bionic-updates universe
deb http://tw.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ bionic multiverse
deb http://tw.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ bionic-updates multiverse
deb http://tw.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ bionic-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu bionic-security main restricted
deb http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu bionic-security universe
deb http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu bionic-security multiverse

 

sudo apt install composer php-mysql php-fpm php-mbstring php-tokenizer php-xml php-json php-common nginx

 

MAIL SERVER寄送信件一直出現MX錯誤! 原來是: /etc/resolv.conf

設定 /etc/resolv.conf 檔案

之前的舊伺服器重新開機後一直出現MX not found總覺得那裡怪怪的.

後來原來是因為在伺服器重開之後name server 查詢伺服器異常.

更改了/etc/resolv.conf 才能夠發信件.

# Dynamic resolv.conf(5) file for glibc resolver(3) generated by resolvconf(8)
# DO NOT EDIT THIS FILE BY HAND — YOUR CHANGES WILL BE OVERWRITTEN
nameserver 168.95.1.1
nameserver 168.95.2.1